Training Secrets of Taekwon-Do 

  1. Study the theory of power thoroughly

  2. Understand the purpose and meaning of each movement clearly

  3. Bring the movement of eyes, hands, feet and breath into a single coordinated action

  4. Choose the appropriate attacking tool for each vital spot

  5. Become familiar with the correct angle and distance for attack and defense

  6. Keep both arms and legs bent slightly while in motion

  7. Most movements must being with a backward motion with very few exceptions

  8. Create a sine wave during the movement by utilizing the knee spring proper

Composition of Taekwon-Do 

1. Fundamental Movements
2. Dallyon (equipment maintenance, “forging,” stretching, running, weight training, etc.)
3. Patterns
4. Sparring
5. Self-defense

Each fundamental movement, in most cases represents attack or defense against a particular target area or definite action of an imaginary opponent or opponents. It is necessary to learn as many fundamental movements as possible and fit them into complete proficiency so the student can meet any situation in actual combat with confidence. The pattern actually places the student in a hypothetical situation where he must avail himself to defense, counter-attack, and attack motions against several opponents.

Through constant practice of these patterns, the attack and defense become a conditioned reflex movement. Power and accuracy must be developed to such a high degree that only one single blow is needed to stop an opponent, so the student can shift stance and block or attack another opponent.

Each pattern is different from the other in order to develop reaction against changing circumstances.
Once the basic patterns are mastered, the student then begins to physically apply the skill obtained from fundamental movements and patterns to sparring against actual moving opponents.

Collaterally with sparring, the student must begin to develop his body and toughen his attacking and blocking tools so he is able to deliver maximum damage in actual combat. Once a student has applied himself to fundamental movements, patterns, sparring, and dallyon, then the time has arrived for the spontaneous attacks; i.e., self-defense. The student will constantly find himself returning, however, to his fundamental movements even when he has achieved the highest possible degree of proficiency in self-defense techniques. As in military training, Taekwon-Do progression follows a certain parallel.